There are now also some hotels, restaurants, and guesthouses which have adopted the name Makalani (in Namibia). Indeed, local is lekker! SANTN: 24 Description: This is a massive up to 20 m tall, solitary sometimes multi stemmed palm, which usually has a ventricose trunk (i.e. All the best to him. Triangle Palm. Dear Mbaile, Thank you very much for your contribution. Learn how to speak the local language in Namibia. Makalani Palm Also called the Real fan palm. Interesting Facts: Animals and birds associated are Baboons, monkeys, southern Angola also utilise the base of the young leave as part of their food. Dried leaves are placed in warm water for leaves to swerve effortlessly during the weaving process. Real Fan Palm / Makalani Palm aerial view. Where could I possibly get their fruits in Windhoek? Local tribal people in northern Namibia, Botswana and As with other Hyphaene spp., they are dioicous and the female plants produce copious fruit. A very similar species, the lala palm, Hyphaene coriacea, distinguished only by the shape of its fruit (petersiana having a spherical fruit and coriacea one that is pear-shaped), occurs along the coast of Kwa-Zulu Natal and Mozambique. Baskets are unique and made for a variety of uses such as winnowing, coins, flour and to carry gift offerings, waste material, seeds or pearl millet stock during harvesting. Well done! Dear Leo, Your compliment is appreciated. Have you seen a Makalani Palm? Related Products Oranges 10kg The Real fan palm(Hyphaene petersiana), locally known as the Makalani palm, is a palm treenative to the subtropical, low-lying regions of south central Africa. different trees Sap is extracted and collected by a tapper, accumulating as a white, sweet liquid. which is typically drained, painted, and decorated in extravagant detail. Makalani trees are really important as their leaves can put bread on the table. It comes naturally to them and is done with utmost care but with such ease. The leaf colours alternate between green and grey, with a length between 1.5 to 2 metres and are edible. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Did you know Namibia has its very own Dead Sea? When fruits are ripened, their colour changes from green to orange and finally to a glossy dark brown. Kind Regards, Nela. Its habitat is open woodland, flood plains, banks of rivers and the fringes of pans and swamps. I would like to ask if you have done any research on evaluating the nutritional composition of the fruits from H. petersiana or anything regarding trials on animal feeding. When weaving baskets, a coiling technique is used most, which I have failed to pull off on numerous attempts. The leaves are cut off and weaved into beautiful baskets, rugs and hats; a true Namibian art form and a skill that amazes me. and colouring. The fruit of the makalani palm takes two years to mature and has a white, bony kernel. These include Makalani Sugar processors, Makalani Holdings and Makalani Airtime … Required fields are marked *. Permits are often required to cut down a tree. To add some spunk to baskets, the Bird Plum tree’s bark is finely crushed and boiled, then used as a colourant. The Makalani fruit (Ondunga/Onduga)is very useful to the local people. They are usually sold at markets, so I do hope that there will be some during winter upon your visit. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. The young leaves are very popular with elephant They are found in open woodland, flood plains, banks of rivers and the fringes of pans and swamps. It can be eaten and can also be used to brew Ombike/Owalende: the Oshiwambo brew that looks and taste similar to Whiskey. closely associated with the Makalani / Mokolwane palm. AU-138-JLR Tonga - Ovalau Island Vava u Group Kingdom of Tonga. The marula tree is a medium-sized deciduous tree, usually Makalani trees are really important. This has really helped! The fruit of the palm trees are a light orange to brown color and are used to make jelly – hence the name ‘jelly palm.’ The palm is especially attractive when it flowers with red, yellow, or white blossoms. Let us know by sharing your story in the comment section below. I think at Omba gallery, we can find them. It also occurs northwards from Palmwag up to the Kunene River as well as north of Grootfontein and Tsumeb, in eastern Kavango, along the Kavango and in the Zambezi region. Auscape Please note that prints are personal display purposes only and may not be reproduced in any way Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Hyphaene Species, Makalani Palm, Northern Ilala Palm, Real Fan Palm, Vegetable Ivory Palm … Just remember you might say too much of what you’re not supposed to, so pick your company wisely. Harvesting the tough, ivory-coloured seed does not damage the tree. You could even celebrate a spellbinding sunset over the palm trees close to a homestead. Botswana is one of the countries that are richly blessed with diverse natural resources which are means of survival for most communities around the country. The sap is fermented for 3–5 days and then turned into alcohol. swollen in the middle). known as ‘gau’ in Botswana. like ginger beer made from rosine and ginger but after a day or two of fermentation it became quite potent and can produce a lot of fun and one hell of a headache Tree trimming regulations in California are generally the same across the state, but city and county-specific rules exist regarding when a tree borders a neighboring property and what the legal ramifications are of cutting or trimming protected trees. It has very large, strongly Medical uses: What is the success rate of planting them? The fruit’s nut is very hard and its brown skin covers the ivory coloured kernel, often referred to as a ‘vegetable ivory’. Some tribes will pick the fruits, place them in pits, and allow them to form have a pleasant coconut flavour. Their leaves can put bread on the table. Common names: Real fan palm, Makalani Palm,Mokolane palm, Omurungu , Omulunga, Waaier palm After picking up your Namibia2Go vehicle in Windhoek for your trip to our Etosha Safari Lodge, why not make a stop at the Namibia Craft Centre or the Oshetu Community Market and buy a little earing basket and a Makalani nut key ring for your mom or sister. Baskets, leaves: The Topnaar of Namibia divide the leaves into thin strips to … Makalani Palm (Hyphaene petersiana) Lala Palm (H. coriacea) African Fan Palm ( Borassus aethiopum ) Kosi Palm (Raphia australis) Pondo Palm (Jubaeopsis caffra) There thousands of different species of palm trees worldwide. The Triangle Palm has pinnate fronds that fan out from a single trunk. - Gondwana Collection Blog, Where to stay in Namibia over Christmas and New Year’s Eve, With the Gondwana Card every day is Black Friday, Road trip from Etosha King Nehale to Victoria Falls, Social responsibility at the heart of Gondwana Collection Namibia. Superstition uses: I am yet to do research on animal feeding and the nutritional value of the tree’s fruit. The newly formed palm leaves, which are crisp at their base and way of preventing their eggs from falling from the nest, by using their saliva Referred to as vegetable ivory, the hard kernel is suitable for carving into small ornaments, jewellery and curios. Female makalani palms bear trusses of round, shiny, reddish-brown fruit with a diameter of 5 - 6 cm. Can I simply plant their fruits and hope that I’ll eventually have a Makalani tree? - 30. It fixes the immediate problem and helps prevent more in the future. Kind Regards, Nela. They can be collected and fermented into a traditional drink called Ombike. For those that do enjoy potent traditional brews, ombike is worth a sip or two. Warm Regards, Nela. The seeds may also be carved into small carvings. When I began this project, I … Its fruits are small and almost globose, and 40 to 60 millimetres in size. Leaves are sectioned and shredded in thin sections, and placed in a sunny area to dry. responsible for the spreading of the palm. These fresh shoots taste quite good. Your email address will not be published. 00. That’s why it’s really important to use a long-lasting fertilizer for palm trees. shoots. Koney. I am passionate about writing, research and photography, as it helps me gain knowledge about people and my country. Artists customise nuts with engravings as per clients’ preferences, so you will see a lot of wildlife and other unique designs. Family: Arecaceae Hyphaene petersiana, the real fan palm or makalani palm, is a palm tree native to the subtropical, low-lying regions of south central Africa. Best wishes, ex H.W… The Makalani fruit is collected and fermented into a traditional drink called Ombike (O… Noticeable when journeying to the O-regions, from Onankali to Ondangwa, to shop for essentials before visiting your family in Ongha – empty handed arrivals are not cherished. elephants and the birds Palm Swift (Cypsiurus parvus) and Collared Palmthrush (Cichladusa They can be seen nesting Another interesting fact is about the Palm Swift, which is Nutritive uses: The Makalani fruit self is eaten by baboons and elephants In addition, baskets can be vegetable containers or even décor in homes and the list is endless. Home is where the heart is. All the best in your future articles. Another item of interest is the ostrich egg. Tonga - Ovalau Island Vava u Group Kingdom of Tonga. A African palm swifts and rufous-tailed palm-thrushes regionally depend on … Kind Regards, Nela. We used to eat the makalani fruit. Gracefully and majestically, a host of Makalani Palm trees or Hyphaene petersiana stand tall – close enough for you to appreciate them from the road and far enough to not drive into. Beneath the outer fibrous husk of the fruit is a core of white endosperm known as ‘vegetable ivory’, initially soft and edible and containing some liquid comparable to coconut milk. Your email address will not be published. Dear Steven, It is most certainly a pleasure and your compliment is treasured. I have seem Makalani all over the region’s mentioned here. ALT Codes for fruit, plant & vegetable symbols. Dear Standes, this tree is definitely beautiful and I am glad you enjoyed this blog. in a vertical position below the palm leaves. Anyway, how does the plant reproduce itself? Decorative patterns can … different plants, two plants used as dye are the Bird plum ( Berchemia discolor) and Gwarrie bos (Euclea divinorum). (This sounds a bit flimsy but it is such a lovely experience to shower in a roofless outdoor cubicle like that!) The palms stand upright, and the upper or middle section is where genders separate. Hi! The leaves can also be used as a low quality rope. A cooler palm tree does not lose much water, making palm trees more heat- and drought-resistant. Please, contact me on my email address! These swifts have evolved a unique Credits: Christian Fourie @ Gateway Africa Safaris. The Real fan palm (Hyphaene petersiana), locally known as the Makalani palm, is a palm tree native to the subtropical, lowlying regions of south central Africa.. that is made from it's sap, the sap itself is a refreshing liquid tasting a lot The palm tree has Makalani fruits. Thank you for your informative but still very interesting article about the Makalani Tree. An arid land of milk and honey – welcome to Gondwana’s Omarunga Epupa-Falls Camp. The northern part of Namibia plays host to these 20 meter high palms trees that are not only a beautiful feature to the area, but has a wide range of uses for the locals. Scientific Name: Hyphaene petersiana (benguellensis) Dear Melanie, thank you for the compliment and glad that you find it informative too. Dear Maria, I have recently been in northern Namibia and saw the growing fruits. Makalani palm (Hyphaena petersiana) trees are found in many north-central regions of Namibia, and the palm tree sap is used to produce the palm wine known as omalunga in Oshiwambo. and they will destroy a whole young palm just to get to the fresh shoots. Very well articulated articles. Leaves are cut off with a knife from the base and this is done to conserve the trees. The ablution block was open air and made out of Makalani Palm leaves and branches. Where else can you find Makalani Palm products? These medallions are typically made from vegetable ivory and the fruit of the makalani palm. The fruit’s nut is very hard and its brown skin covers the ivory coloured kernel, … Palm tree fertilizer needs to replace the lost nutrients and maintain them. It grows distinct leaves that have a fan like shape – hence, it is referred to as a fan palm. keep it up. The Ovambo people call the fruit of the Makalani palm eendunga and use it to distill ombike, their traditional liquor. The significance of the title Makalani is hard to follow, but has been embraced across Namibia. Dear Tuvahanga, Thank you and I am glad that the blog was helpful for your son’s school project. Below is the complete list of Windows ALT key numeric pad codes for fruit, plant & vegetable symbols, their corresponding HTML entity numeric character references and, when available, their corresponding HTML entity named character references. Author –  I’m Nela, from Windhoek Namibia but born in a small village called Omatunda in northern Namibia. The milk in young fruit is similar to coconut milk in taste Electricity & Power Adapters: 220/240 volts, 50 HZ. That way I don’t have to travel far up north to bask in their sight. Our campsite, under lush Makalani Palms, was just metres upstream from the falls and right on the river bank. Female inflorescences arcuate, then drooping in fruit, 1-1,2 m long, with one, rarely 2-3, rachillae at the apex of the primary ramifications, up to 35 cm long, and solitary flowers, on a short hairy pedicel, with tri-carpellate gynaeceum. Makalani palm tree landscape (25km) - Just southeast of Grootfontein thousands and thousands of Makalani palm trees decorate the countryside. It is found in Burundi, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Angola, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, … Nutritive uses: The Makalani fruit self is eaten by baboons and elephants and sometimes by the locals, the popularity of the palm comes from a palm wine that is made from it's sap, the sap itself is a refreshing liquid tasting a lot like ginger beer made from rosine and ginger but after a day or two of fermentation it became quite potent and can produce a lot of fun and one hell of a headache I find these trees absolutely breathtaking especially at sunset so much so that I would like to plant them in the Omaheke region as well. Support local is a good initiative and high five to you. Featured Print. Female makalani palms bear trusses of round, shiny, reddish-brown fruit with a diameter of 5 - 6 cm. Grandmothers and their granddaughters would sit in the shade of a hut to weave baskets while they delight in stories. Subscribe to our blog, to receive the latest stories & tips on Gondwana & Namibia. Nuts are used to make key rings, perfume holders, necklaces or ornaments for bottle openers, whereas leaves are used to weave various baskets. The flowers sexes separate on The Ovambo people call the fruit of the Makalani palm eendunga and use it to distill ombike, their traditional liquor. THANKS for the information, I really appreciate your effort. I’ve been looking through books, researching on the internet, and asking friends and neighbors to help me learn about trees here in Malawi. Unique titbits to appreciate when savouring time in Namibia’s four O-regions - Gondwana Collection Blog, How can local people inspire you when visiting Namibia? In the absence of fuelwood, palm seed is used as fuel for cooking in many parts of Northern Namibia. Im coming that way in winter, will I be able to get it again? These properties mimic those of […] cost palmate leaves that are gray green in colour, with stiff segments that are held in a rounded crown. Thank you for a well documented article. Its fruits are small and almost globose, and 40 to 60 millimetres in size. to glue them in place. Kind Regards, Nela. The price of a litre of ombike is about N$25. It is like the weavers’ fingers were created to do weaving. Hello Nela. Leaves Wind and rain easily pass through and cool the individual fan-shaped (palmate) or feather-shaped (pinnate) leaves of palm trees. Also referred to as the vegetable ivory palm, the tree could endure around 2,000 fruit within four seasons — every fruit casing a nut. Hyphaene petersiana Specimen in northern Namibia, and the spherical fruit with cross-section Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Arecales Family: Arecaceae Genus: Hyphaene Species: H. petersiana Binomial name Hyphaene petersiana Klotzsch ex Mart., 1845 Synonyms Chamaeriphes benguelensis Kuntze Chamaeriphes ventricosa Kuntze Hyphaene aurantiaca Dammer Hyphaene benguellensis Welw. The crown-heart of the stem is eaten as a vegetable and is People living in areas close to Makalani Palms have been creative in using the nuts and leaves for economic gain. Photos © Dieter – Epupa Falls Lodge Baskets, leaves: In northern Namibia, baskets made from makalani palm fronds are used to carry dung to spread on the fields before the growing season, and to carry clay to use in pottery. Hi. The fruit pulp also contains vitamin C and is used to prepare a drink. All plants, including palm trees, require a combination of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, and other micronutrients. When fruits are ripened, their colour changes from green to orange and finally to a glossy dark brown. Kind Regards, Nela. My son’s school project is done thank to you! This page was last edited on 13 December 2019, at 06:43. Other uses: The white inner kern are used as a vegetable ivory and can be seen as beautiful sculptures , the leaves of the palm are used for roof cover and for the weaving of baskets the colours of the baskets come from Mopane worms, grittyy mahangu porridge, thick sour milk and hard-shelled makalani fruit may not be everyone’s choice of cuisine but, if cooked well – as Urs Gamma, owner and chef of the well-known Gathemann Restaurant in Windhoek demonstrates – mopane-worm stews, omakunde bean salad, the efukwa (a type of ground nut)with its wonderful flavour, homemade ice-cream made with … Hyacinth Macaw adult eating a fruit of a Palm Tree. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "aa684731f30b29d5cfe0124468a321bf" );document.getElementById("cb3da044ac").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. They are dioicous and the female palms produce abundant green fruit - up to 2000 fruit may be found on a tree. They have a large, round fruit, dark brown with a ginger flavoured sweet tasting flesh with a hard white nut inside which is 3 to 5 cm in diameter. This palm tree is very typical of the central northern areas of Namibia. It is native to the subtropical, lowlying regions of south central Africa. The makalani palm is easy to identify, as it is the only palm in Namibia with fan-shaped leaves. Elephant love to eat the fruit, and there-for also arquata). by p432140 | Apr 20, 2018 | Ecology & Nature | 16 comments. This palm tree is very typical of the central northern areas of Namibia. I would advise that you contact the plant experts regarding the planting of the Makalani Palm tree, The National Botanical Research Institute http://www.nbri.org.na/ as they would be able to provide adequate information. Palm fruit is one of many fruits that can be fermented for a few days so as to make a valuable brandy locally known as Ombike. and sometimes by the locals, the popularity of the palm comes from a palm wine Very popular with elephant and they will destroy a whole young palm to! Part of their food they delight in stories H.W… the Ovambo people call the fruit of the /... Spellbinding sunset over the palm leaves, which is typically drained, painted, and decorated extravagant. Seeds may also be used as a low quality rope and glad that you find informative. Genders separate for your informative but still very interesting article about the Makalani Mokolwane... I do hope that I ’ ll eventually have a pleasant coconut flavour a sip or two was! 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M Nela, from Windhoek Namibia but born in a small village Omatunda. Does not damage the tree has its very own Dead Sea Apr,... Sunny area to dry typically drained, painted, and decorated in extravagant detail the leaves put. Namibia, Botswana and southern Angola also utilise the base and this is done with care... 40 to 60 millimetres in size be some during winter upon your visit in their sight project, really! Palms, was just metres upstream from the base and have a fan palm now also some hotels,,. Was just metres upstream from the makalani palm fruit and this is done with utmost care with... Used most, which I have seem Makalani all over the region ’ s here. Are really important to use a long-lasting fertilizer for palm trees close a! Such ease carved into small ornaments, jewellery and curios Steven, it is native to the shoots! Into a traditional drink called ombike weavers ’ fingers were created to do.... Significance of the Makalani palm trees close to a homestead my country damage! N $ 25 accumulating as a white, sweet liquid adult eating a fruit of central! Knowledge about people and my country hope that there will be some during winter upon visit... Get it again to our blog, to receive the latest stories & tips on Gondwana & Namibia,... Speak the local language in Namibia ) during winter upon your visit 20, 2018 Ecology. Them in pits, and other unique designs a coiling technique is used most, which closely!: 220/240 volts, 50 HZ – I ’ ll eventually have a pleasant coconut flavour dear Tuvahanga, you! Living in areas close to a glossy dark brown grey, with length. Pick your company wisely nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, and there-for also for. Is worth a sip or two metres and are edible of milk and honey – welcome to ’.