More recent research focuses on cohabitation can be related to delinquency. broken home, poverty and peer influence are the main sustainer of juvenile delinquency. Some of the topics are specific to one of the projects; other topics are investigated with data from two or all three projects. According to Coleman (1981) delinquency is behaviour of youths under 18 years of age which is not acceptable to society and is generally regarded as calling for some kind of admonishment punishment or corrective actions. In the following pages, the authors summarize just a few of these many inves-tigations. [Online] Available: http://allafrica.com/stories/200404300408.html, Juvenile Justice Administration In Nigeria: Philosophy and Practice Centre for Law Enforcement Education, Research on humanities and social sciences, View 9 excerpts, cites background and results, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. When a juvenile, below an age specified under a statute exhibits behaviour which may prove to be hazardous to society and to him he may be called a “juvenile delinquent”. , of behaviour control. The more extreme impact of risky behaviour is that they can go to jail for their risking behaviours (depending on the seriousness of the crime). defines a juvenile delinquent as a child or young person who has violated the " children and young persons law " or the criminal code. Kids that look different from other children or those that have visible physical impairments oftentimes suffer from bullying. The coordinator of Remand Home, Benin City asserts that parental care is a major cause of juvenile delinquency behavior in the society. In my life personally something that has effect myself and my family started with my cousin’s drug abuse and obsession with sex, that lead him to steal from us. The parenting process or involvement shows a relation to violence and low self-esteem. In Nigeria, juvenile offenders are treated differently from adults, although this has not always been the case. Some kids give in to peer pressure because they want to be liked or worry that other kids might make fun of them if they do not go along with the group (Lyness, 2015). The hypotheses were tested using chi square statistic at p?.05 level of significance and…, SURVEY ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN KETU – ADIE OWE COMMUNITY IN OGUN STATE AKINLOTAN. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. Some of the most common causes of juvenile delinquency are as follows. The age limit of juvenile not only varies from country to country but also from state to state within a country as in the case of the United States. In Nigeria. The rising incidence of juvenile delinquency in many countries may be caused by certain socio-economic problems often associated with development. The word "juvenile" is nowhere defined in any piece of legislation in Nigeria. It may be. delinquency n Nigeria. Results indicate broken home, poverty and peer influence are the main sustainer of juvenile delinquency. improve or educate juvenile about crime. P.149) until research by Farnworth and Leiber (1989) found it was a significant educational predictor of delinquency in their sample of juveniles, also noted many researchers recognized the potential of Merton’s Anomie/ Strain theory, although he made no claims as to his theories of strain being in relation to juvenile delinquency, it is still viewed as one of the most influential and noteworthy in describing and explaining numerous forms of deviant behaviors. any criminal act committed by a youth ... We , ma\/, thereforestake juvenile delinquency as used - in this chapter to mean the act of a child 0s youth ... Neural and brain damage causes lack . Delinquency shows a variety forms of behavior. It has been shown that a differ- With an increase in self-confidence, people will begin to look outside of the box and believe in their abilities with higher goals for themselves (Khan,2017). The main objective of the study is to find out the social causes and consequences of juvenile delinquency in some selected secondary schools in Kaduna North Local Government Area. Having celebrated Children’s Day few months back, there is a recent finding that the prevalence of bad behaviour in recent times has increased by over 33 per cent. Every country has its own unique laws regarding Juvenile delinquencies, they also have different statutory age for delinquency. Child and juvenile delinquency is a problem that affects every member within a community directly or indirectly. 1.1 INTRODUCTION In the 1990s, juvenile delinquency has become a major global problem. Juvenile Delinquency has consistently been a problem in the world, Nigeria inclusive. 4. 6 1.5 Significance of the Study The study looks at the nature and consequences of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria. Perspectives on Juvenile Delinquency in Africa Patrie Igbinovia Department of Sociology and Social Administration University of Ilorin Nigeria ABSTRACT The central thrust of this article is to provide an overview of the juvenile delinquency phenomenon and the process involved in its cause, prevention, control, and treatment in Africa. The CYPL defines a "child" to mean a person under the age of 14, while a "young person" is defined as a person who has attained the age of 14 and is under the age of 18. One of the first scientists to link personality to delinquency was Hans Eysenck, who was interested to find out why people’s personality differed. (1999) Based on the foregoing, this study aims at examining the relationship between family instability and juvenile delinquency in Nigeria with focus on Owerri municipality. Studies have shown that juvenile delinquency is rampant among secondary school students due to a number of causes which, according to Adeshina. Is insecurity a reason why people treat others in an aggressive way? Each nation has its own specific definition of the age range covered by the word “juvenile” . P.110) this strain, Agnew argues may lead delinquency. 2003). To provoke intensive and extensive discussion of the implications of juvenile delinquency for the criminal justice system and policy intervention. Since poverty appears to be the primary cause of juvenile delinquency it suggested that, the government at all levels should step-up efforts to improve the economy, as … In this paper I will highlight the prevalence and development of child delinquency, review the risk and protective factors, and end with the need for more and accessible treatment, services, and intervention programs. You are currently offline. literature on juvenile delinquency concentra tes primarily on child ren from about 13 - 18 years [15], [16], [17], whereas most Nigerian literature on cy bercrime focuses principally on Juvenile delinquency in Nigeria is a major social problem which affects the whole society and constitutes a serious impediment to development (Muhammed et al 2009). Some are quite sophisticated, whereas others are predicated on rather basic “instinctive” conclusions that may or may not have a basis in fact. There are various theories of juvenile delinquency and various researchers have reported different reasons of delinquency. The study discovered that poor parenting individual risk factors, mental health risk factor divorce, single parenting are causes of juvenile delinquency among primary school pupils in Oredo community. Problem Statement Juvenile delinquency in Nigeria is a major social problem which affects the whole society and constitutes a serious impediment to development (Muhammed et al 2009). Introduction JUVENILE DELIQUENCY IN IBADAN, NIGERIA. To determine the negative impact of crime on individual and society at large. This article continues Causes of Juvenile Delinquency: Home Conditions I Research Cyber Team hopes this article was helpful. The specific objectives are to: (a) Identify the causes of juvenile delinquency among secondary school students in Kaduna North Local Government Area. Although most studies conducted on juvenile delinquency have been conducted on adolescents ages twelve and up, child delinquency, which is categorized by children under twelve, has risen. Speaking about the most common causes of juvenile delinquency, it should be emphasized that in each local environment these causes may differ due to the specificity of a given community. There are numerous causes of juvenile delinquency, including domestic violence, living in areas of poverty and high crime rates, inadequate social support and lack of access to education. They find ways to defend themselves because of the acts of others (p. 125). Most of the delinquent teenagers belong from low social, economical or psychological background. That is why this is very dangerous and should be stopped immediately. The learning theory holds the assumption that delinquents commit crime because they learn from others around them. Juvenile delinquency. SURVEY ON PARENTAL AND PEER GROUP FACTORS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN KETU-ADIE OWE COMMUNITY IN OGUN STATE OJO , The Nexus of Street Trading and Juvenile Delinquency: A Study of Chanchaga Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria, The perception of measures to reduce the push factors of juvenile crime in South African schools: A Case study of two schools, Juvenile Infraction in Selected Secondary Schools in Asaba , Delta State , Nigeria, An Exploratory Study of Modeling as an Educational Tool for Adolescent Moral Development Dare, Juvenile Justice Administration and Child Prisoners in Nigeria, An Appraisal of the Legal Framework for Child Justice Administration in Nigeria, A SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE LAW AND PRACTICE OF JUVENILE JUSTICE IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA | Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University Open Education Resources (OER), Street Trading and Child Labour in Yenegoa, Influence of Deviant Friends on Delinquency: Searching for Moderator Variables, Handbook of Cross-Cultural Counseling and Therapy, Causative and sustaining factors to street hawking in Nigeria : implications to child development, Dimensions of child abuse in Nigeria: Implications for counselling in Nigerian schools, Hawking: Child abuse or economic supplement for parents, Hawking: Child abuse or economic supplement for parents? It is also a psychological problem for there is a link between how teenagers brain works and how that results in their act in daily basis. Juvenile: This refers to a person who has attained the age of 14 but is under 17 years. In fact, youthful misbehaviour has been a concern throughout time and resembles similarities and concerns until today. Many juvenile curfews are based on The Executive Director of Child Research and Resource Centre[ CRRECENT], Mrs. Susan Sabaa, has pointed out that irresponsible parenting is the key cause of juvenile offences in the country. Fifty delinquent and fifty non-delinquent juveniles were randomly selected from ten schools across Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State, Nigeria and research questionnaires administered to solicit information. JUVENILE DELIQUENCY IN IBADAN, NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION In the 1990s, juvenile delinquency has become a major global problem. In new era juvenile delinquency is becoming a global problem. Causes Of Juvenile Delinquency In Nigeria 934 Words | 4 Pages. At Y.C.T.C, the study revealed that over 70%; more than 40 out of 55 of the inmates were Since poverty appears to be the primary cause of juvenile delinquency it suggested that, the government at all levels should step-up efforts to improve the economy, as a matter of urgency is recommended among others. The rising incidence of juvenile delinquency in many countries may be caused by certain socio-economic problems often associated with development. Some features of the site may not work correctly. READ ALSO: Problems of orphanage homes in Nigeria We cannot talk about mental health and not mention physical health. He said “Juvenile delinquency has been increasing due to lack of parental control and unemployment in the society”. Averill, (1982.) Negative Effects of Peer Pressure iv. Based on this, it could be deduced that parental guidance should be looked into. In general, studies find children who live in cohabitating households are much more likely to participate in juvenile delinquency compared to those in two-biological-parent households (Apel & Kaukinen, 2008; Kierkus, 2010; Manning & Lamb, The phenomenon of juvenile delinquency is like a disease among teenagers due to its infectiousness and its difficultness to overcome. For your research project (both under-graduate and post-graduate), term-paper, report, or article; kindly call Thompson – 0703 022 8325 . to juvenile delinquency and juvenile jus-tice. Persons above this statutory age are considered as criminals and is charged with the usual laws.While persons below this statutory age are called delinquents. Juvenile Delinquency Theories of Causation Many theories have been advanced to explain the cause of juvenile delinquency. The Nigerian constitution of 1979 defines juvenile delinquency as “a crime committed by a young person under the age of 18 years as a result of trying to comply with the wishes of his peers or to escape from parental pressure or certain emotional stimulation’. This could mean the minor herself struggles with substance abuse or that another member of her household, like a parent or sibling, suffers from addiction. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. Juvenile Delinquency In Nigeria. Each juvenile offense is the outcome of a complexity of causes, some of whose origins date back years before the committal of the offense and others whose origins are more obviously and immediately connected with the act of delinquency. Why do people become bullies? Juvenile delinquency has also contributed to the bad image of our country (Nigeria). After that, I will mention about the examples of juvenile. Keywords: Youth crime, juvenile delinquency, Kenya POVERTY AND CRIME AMONG THE YOUTH Various observations indicate that most of the youth are in crime because of poverty, which drove them into criminal acts for survival (Prior & Paris, 2005). If an investigation or a study is carried out about juvenile delinquency in Nigeria, the result will definitely show that cases like rampant stealing, armed robbery, prostitution, manslaughter, drug addiction, vandalization, truancy, murder, rape, cultism, burglary and kleptomanias and many other crimes and delinquent behaviour are common among the youth. Called delinquents approach to be discussed is the psychological approach which first on. Is why this is causes of juvenile delinquency in nigeria dangerous and should be looked into violence and low.! Until today aware or haven ’ t been educated about the examples of juvenile delinquency has a. 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